So far more than 1.77 lakh people have died due to corona virus worldwide. In addition, cases of infection have also crossed 25.73 lakh.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was also among the patients infected with this virus, but after treatment he has recovered. He is resting these days after the negative report of Corona.
We are telling you here how the coronavirus infection spreads and what you can do to avoid it.
Corona virus infects your lungs. Its two basic symptoms are fever and dry cough. Many times a person also has difficulty in breathing due to this.
The cough caused by corona is not a common cough. This can cause a persistent cough, that is, you may have a persistent cough for an hour or more and you may have at least three such seizures within 24 hours. But if you have a cough, it can be a matter of concern.
Due to this virus, the temperature of the body can rise up to 37.8 ° C, due to which the person’s body can become hot and feel cold. The person may also feel shivering in the body.
It may also cause a sore throat, headache and diarrhea. According to a recent recent research, the lack of taste and the smell of something can also be a symptom of the corona virus.
It is believed that it may take an average of five days for the corona virus to start showing symptoms, but in some people it may be shorter.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there may be up to 14 days between the time the virus reaches the body and shows symptoms.
When does the need to be hospitalized?
Most of the people who have corona virus infection can be cured by taking rest and pain reducing medicines like paracetamol.
The need to be hospitalized is when the person starts having trouble breathing. By examining the lungs of the patient, the doctor ascertains how much the infection has increased and whether the patient needs oxygen or ventilator.
But in this, the patient does not have to be admitted to the emergency department of the hospital i.e., accident and emergency.
Every information related to corona infection has been given on the website of the Department of Health and Family Welfare in India. British citizens can take all information related to Corona on the website of NHS 111.
If the patient is having difficulty in breathing, then he can contact the Government of India helpline number + 91-11-23978046 or the 24 hour toll free number 1075. Various states of the country have also started helplines for citizens where a call can be made if needed.
At the same time, in case of emergency in the UK, people can contact on 999 number.
What happens in Intensive Care Unit (ICU)?
Intensive care units are special wards of hospitals where critically ill patients are kept.
Here, the need of oxygen of corona virus patients is fulfilled by applying oxygen mask on the mouth or through a tube in the nose.
People who are seriously ill are kept on ventilator. Here more supply of oxygen is delivered directly to the lungs. For this, a tube is placed in the mouth of the patient or by making an incision in the nose or throat, oxygen is given from there to the lungs.
How deadly is the Coronavirus?
Compared to the statistics of corona virus infection, the number of people killed is extremely low. Although these figures cannot be relied on completely, if the data is to be believed, the death rate due to infection can be only one to two percent.
Currently, treatment is being done for thousands of infected people in many countries and the death toll may increase.
A World Health Organization study based on information gathered about 56,000 infected people suggests that –
- 6% people became seriously ill due to this virus. These included lung failure, septic shock, organ failure and risk of death.
- Severe signs of infection were seen in 14 percent of the people. There were problems in breathing and problems like breathing quickly.
- Minor signs of infection were seen in 80 percent of people, such as fever and cough. Pneumonia due to this was also seen in many.
Older people and those already suffering from respiratory disease (asthma) due to coronavirus infection, those facing problems like diabetes and heart disease are more likely to become seriously ill.
Treatment of coronavirus is based on helping the patient’s body breathe and increasing the body’s immunity so that the person’s body is able to fight the virus itself.
The work of making coronavirus vaccine is still going on.
If you come in contact with an infected person, then you can be advised to stay away from others for a few days.
Public Health England has said that those who think they are infected should avoid going to the doctor, pharmacy or hospital and seek information on the phone or online from the health workers in their area.
Those who have returned to Britain after traveling to other countries have been advised to separate themselves from others for a few days.
Other countries have also taken steps like closing school colleges and canceling public meetings in their own countries to avoid this virus.
The World Health Organization has also released information about ways to take precaution for the people.
Upon seeing signs of infection, the person should contact their local healthcare officer or employee. Those who have come in contact with the corona virus infected person in the past will be investigated.
All the patients arriving at the hospital who have symptoms of flu (cold cold and shortness of breath) will be examined by the Health Service Officer.
You will be asked to wait until the test results are out and keep yourself away from others.
How to protect yourself from Coronavirus?
To avoid corona virus ie ‘Covid 19’, you wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
When someone infected with the corona virus coughs or sneezes, very fine particles of their spit are spread in the air. These particles contain viruses of the corona virus.
These viral particles can enter your body by way of breath when approaching an infected person.
If you touch a place where these particles have fallen and then touch your eye, nose or mouth with the same hand, then these particles reach your body.
In this case, using tissue while coughing and sneezing, not touching your face without washing your hands and avoiding contact with the infected person are very important to prevent the virus from spreading.
According to medical experts, face masks do not provide effective protection.
How fast is the Coronavirus spreading?
Everyday hundreds of cases of corona virus are being reported worldwide. But it is also believed that even now many cases have been saved from the eyes of health agencies.
According to the latest data from Johns Hopkins University, more than 25.73 lakh cases of corona virus infection have been confirmed so far in more than 185 countries of the world and the death toll is more than 1.77 lakh.
Most cases of infection of this virus have been reported in USA, Spain, Italy, France and Germany.